Festival of Temple Ha, Thuong Temple, Temple Ỷ la

07/08/2019 2555 0
Ha Temple, Thuong Temple, and Đền La Temple are ancient architectural works, both of high architectural value and spiritual cultural value; values ​​from the sanctity of the Mother God religion - a beauty in Vietnamese religious culture. Temple Ha, Thuong Temple, Temple Ỷ La are 3 of 5 relics of Tuyen Quang city which have been classified as national-historical cultural relics by the state; At the same time, the Festival of Lower Temples, Upper Temples and Ỷ La Temples is also recognized by the State as a National Intangible Cultural Heritage. The Mother Goddess worshiped in the three temples is the "Thieng" character, the nucleus of the traditional festival that is preserved, preserved and handed down to this day. Festival of Thuong temple, Ha temple, Ỷ La temple is organized to promote and honor the cultural values ​​of people of all ethnic groups in the city, especially the worship of Mother Mau - Mother Country.

Ha Temple, Thuong Temple, and Đền La Temple are ancient architectural works, both of high architectural value and spiritual cultural value; values ​​from the sanctity of the Mother God religion - a beauty in Vietnamese religious culture. Temple Ha, Thuong Temple, Temple Ỷ La are 3 of 5 relics of Tuyen Quang city which have been classified as national-historical cultural relics by the state; At the same time, the Festival of Lower Temples, Upper Temples and Ỷ La Temples is also recognized by the State as a National Intangible Cultural Heritage. The Mother Goddess worshiped in the three temples is the "Thieng" character, the nucleus of the traditional festival that is preserved, preserved and handed down to this day. Festival of Thuong temple, Ha temple, Ỷ La temple is organized to promote and honor the cultural values ​​of people of all ethnic groups in the city, especially the worship of Mother Mau - Mother Country.

Ha Temple, located in Tan Quang ward; Thuong temple, located in Trang Da commune, the two temples mentioned above were built in Hau Le period (mid-18th century); Ỷ La temple, located in Ỷ La ward, Tuyen Quang city, was built later in the Nguyen Dynasty (XIX century). Three temples were built by the people to worship Mother Mau (Mother Thien Thien, Mother Thuong Ngan, Mau Comfortable) and the gods in the worship of Mother Vietnam.

Folklore recounts that: Once there were two princesses and the Hung King, Phuong Dung (aka Quynh Hoa Princess) and Ngoc Lan (or Mai Hoa Princess), one day away from the price to review the local, parked boats on the banks of Lo river (in Hiep Thuan village). At the night of the rain and wind, two princesses flew to the sky, the people thought that they were monstrous, setting up a temple to worship. The princess Phuong Dung temple is on the right hand side of Lo River in Ỷ La commune (ie Ha temple today). The temple is dedicated to the princess Ngoc Lan on the left bank of Lo River in Tinh Huc commune (ie Thuong temple today). Over time, with the ups and downs of history, due to the serious destruction of Ha temple, people have to carry their idols to Ỷ La village to take refuge. In 1817, the 3rd Khai Dinh began to rebuild Ha Temple on the old site but on a larger scale. At that time, the idol of Ha Long Temple, the victims of nạn La villagers, also built đền La temple to worship Princess Phuong Dung. The formation of Mau La Temple originated from Ha Temple, the two temples worship Princess Phuong Dung who transformed into the Heavenly Mother. In the popular concept, the Ỷ La Temple is the "refuge" place of the Mother, the sacred terrain that protects the Holy Mother, the place capable of preserving the Good, so the Temple Festival of the Upper Temple and the Lower Temple separate the Ỷ La Temple.

The two Blessed Mother are worshiped in 3 temples that share the same solemn feast of Communion; In the days of Mau procession, Mau đền La temple is chosen as the place to start, the Ha temple is the proper place. Thus, with the advent of Ha temple, Thuong temple and Ỷ La temple, the festival was also formed in Tuyen Quang city.

Festival of Ha temple, Thuong temple, Ỷ La temple is an event for people to remember and show their gratitude to the community of ethnic minorities living in the area. At the same time, the Festival is also an opportunity for people to be relieved, to express their worries and worries to the gods, to hope for their help and protection to overcome difficulties and reach a bright tomorrow. . This is a spiritual product formed from the process of agricultural production of wet rice cultivation associated with the bridge for favorable rain and wind, anti-water activity, fighting against natural disasters, floods, reclamation, and setting up a village to organize labor. Production activities of Vietnamese people.

The procession of Mau temple, Thuong temple, Ỷ La temple in Tuyen Quang city associated with the land and people here is an essential necessity of life, and is practiced by the people of your ethnic groups. the city preserved and handed down from generation to generation, the festival has developed and has become a special cultural feature of the people of Tuyen. Over many generations, the Mau procession festival in Tuyen Quang has been attached to villages, places and lands as an indispensable element in the life of the ethnic people in Tuyen Quang city.

From 2007 to the present, Festival of Ha temple, Thuong temple, Ỷ La temple was held to be restored at the beginning of Spring every year, from 11 - 16/2 lunar calendar. From the early morning of 11/2 (Lunar Calendar), people and tourists gathered at the Ỷ La temple to pick up the princess Phuong Dung (her sister) from Ỷ La temple to Ha temple. Then on February 12 of the lunar calendar, the people again take the ceremony to welcome Ngoc Lan, the princess (younger brother) from Thuong temple to Ha temple, and the two women will meet at Ha Temple to get together. The ritual is majestic, full of old, young, girls, boys and visitors attending. In addition to the ceremony, the festival takes place with a lot of games such as: Fighting shrimp nests, tam dais, chess, umbrellas, cockfighting, tug of war, chau chau, procession of water and dropping lanterns posted on Lo River.....; Especially, the custom of "passing through the Kieu" is still preserved with the belief that the mother God bestowed on health, prosperity and happiness. Boys and girls will fall in love with each other, so every year not only children, but 70 and 80-year-old men still sit in line waiting to pass through Mau Kieu with full of excitement. On the 16th of the lunar calendar, the people again complete the ceremony to bring Mau back to her own temple to support and keep the people safe, healthy, and rich, all things proliferate, pray for all people to enter a new year of peace, wellbeing, warm and peaceful family and peaceful residents. In addition, the Festival is a time for brothers, friends, and tourists to come to the origin, give thanks to the Holy Mother and pray for a prosperous and prosperous new year.

Festival of Temple Ha, Thuong Temple, Mau Mau Ỷ La Temple has long become a unique and unique tourism product of Tuyen Quang city. The festival is also an opportunity to introduce, promote, honor and promote the cultural values ​​of the national relics of Tuyen Quang city with friends, domestic and international visitors.

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